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Tiga Cara Gus Dur Selesaikan Masalah Papua di Masanya

JAGAPAPUA.COM - K.H. Abdurrahman Wahid atau akrab disapa Gus Dur sering kali dipuji berbagai kalangan termasuk orang Papua karena memiliki cara dan jalan yang berbeda dalam menyelesaikan persoalan di Papua. Bahkan Koordinator Jaringan Damai Papua (JDP) Neles Tebay menyebut Gus Dur sebagai Man of Prace yakni Sang Juru Damai.

Koordinator Jaringan Gusdurian Indonesia, Alissa Wahid juga mengungkapkan bahwa cara yang dipilih Gus Dur adalah untuk memberikan rasa aman dan nyaman bagi warga Papua dalam mengekspresikan kebudayaannya. Dengan demikian, warga Papua juga akan merasa nyaman dengan statusnya sebagai warga negara Indonesia.

Upaya-upaya yang dilakukan Gus Dur yang juga dikenal dengan Bapak Pluralisme Indonesia patut diketahui oleh generasi-generasi selanjutnya. Diantaranya adalah 3 cara Presiden ke-4 RI, Gus Dur dalam memberikan kedamaian bagi masyarakat di bumi Papua.

Mengizinkan Bendera Bintang Kejora Berkibar di tanah Papua

Bendera bintang kejora selama ini dianggap sebagai lambang gerakan separatis di wilayah Papua. Di eranya, Gus Dur memperbolehkan bendera bintang kejora berkibar di tanah Papua. Gus Dur menilai bendera ini adalah lambang kultural sehingga boleh dikibarkan. Makna sejati bintang kejora adalah ‘kuasa Tuhan’.

Akan tetapi, pengibaran bendera bintang kejora ini harus mengikuti syarat yakni dikibarkan di bawah Bendera Merah Putih. Hal ini memberikan rasa damai sebagai upaya-upaya Gus Dur menyelesaikan konflik di Papua tanpa ada tetesan daerah.

Merubah nama Irian Jaya menjadi Papua

Gus Dur juga melakukan perubahan dengan mengganti nama Irian Jaya menjadi Papua. Menurutnya, dalam bahasa Arab nama Irian memiliki arti atau makna yang jelek yakni dari kata ‘Urryan’ yang artinya telanjang.

Selain itu, menurutnya dalam budaya Jawa, mengganti nama seorang anak boleh dilakukan jika sang anak sering kali mengalami sakit. Pergantian nama dalam budaya Jawa memberikan harapan baru agar sang anak menjadi lebih sehat dan selamat (slamet dalam bahasa Jawa).

“Biasanya sih namanya Slamet. Tapi saya sekarang ganti Irian Jaya menjadi Papua,” celetuk Gus Dur pada saat itu.

Pergantian nama menjadi Papua ini juga disambut bahagia oleh masyarakat di wilayah paling timur Indonesia ini. Gus Dur dinilai mampu dan mengakui keberadaan, harkat dan martabat masyarakat Papua.

Mengizinkan Diadakannya Kongres Rakyat Papua II

Presiden Gus Dur saat itu mengizinkan diadakannya Kongres Rakyat Papua II pada akhir bulai Mei tahun 2000 lalu. Kongres ini dihadiri sekitar 5.000 peserta. Gus Dur juga memberikan bantuan dana sebesar Rp. 1 miliar untuk pelaksanaan kongres rakyat Papua ini.

Dalam kongres ini, dibahas berbagai hal mengenai masa lalu dan masa depan Papua. Pembahasan masa lalu diantaranya tentang penyelesaian kasus-kasus maupun peristiwa pelanggaran HAM dan hak-hak dasar rakyat Papua. Gus Dur dinilai mampu membuka dan membangun ruang-ruang demokrasi dan menghadirkan rasa aman dan nyaman bagi masyarakat Papua.

Cara-cara Presiden Gus Dur ini dianggap mampu meruntuhkan ketakutan-ketakutan masyarakat Papua dan membebaskan masyarakat Papua dari kekangan masa Orde Baru yang otoriter dan militeristik. Hal ini disampaikan oleh Forkorus Yoboisembut selaku Ketua Umum Dewan Adat Papua saat itu.

“Dengan keberanian iman dan intelektualitasnya, Gus Dur membebaskan masyarakat Papua dari kekangan masa Orde Baru yang otoriter-militeristik,” ujarnya dikutip dari buku Gus Dur: Santri Par Excellence Teladan Sang Guru Bangsa (2010) suntingan Irwan Suhanda. (UWR)

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